Varicose Veins is a condition in which the patient’s veins are swollen or twisted and can be seen under the surface of the skin. According to the National Institute of Health U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, VV is a common condition causing a few signs with symptoms of mild to moderate pain.
According to NHS UK, Varicose veins are large and swollen and may appear blue or dark purple in color which usually occur on the legs. The NHS websites mentions the following symptoms of Varicose Veins.
- Lumpy and bulging veins
- Twisted veins
- Aching legs
- Heaviness in legs
- Legs being uncomfortable
- Swollen feet
- Swollen ankles
- Muscle cramps in lower legs
What are Veins?
There are two types of blood vessels that carry the blood to and from the heart. Those blood vessels which carry blood from the heart to the various parts of the body are called arteries.
Those blood vessels which carry the blood from various parts of the body to the heart are called veins.
Veins have one way valves. These valves keep the blood flowing towards the heart. Once these valves are weak or damaged, the blood backs up and pools in the veins. As a result these veins may swell, twist and bulge. This causes varicose veins.
Varicose veins may occur in any part of the body, but legs and feet are the most affected parts due to the pressure caused by standing or walking.
According to an estimate about 3% people develop varicose veins. The most common causes of varicose veins are:
- Being Overweight
- Standing a lot
eMedicines Health states that inherited problems may cause malfunction of valves while some people may be born with abnormalities of the veins wall. This results in the blood flow backward causing pain, swelling and twisted veins.
Changes in general life style may help to reduce or even eliminate the symptoms of varicose veins.
According to the National Heart, Lungs and Blood Institute USA and the National Health Service UK, the following are the medical treatments may be advised by a qualified doctor.
A liquid chemical is injected to close off a varicose vein.
Ligation and Stripping
A surgical procedure to tie off the vein in the affected area and then remove it.
This is similar to sclerotherapy but in microsclerotherapy a small amount of liquid is injected. This treatment is suitable for spider veins and small minor varicose veins condition.
Light energy is used to make the veins fade away.
It involves heating the wall of varicose vein using radiofrequency energy.
In this procedure a small cut is made in the skin to remove small varicose veins.
Not all conditions of varicose veins need to be treated through laser or surgical treatment. It depends upon the severity of the condition. Your doctor may well advise whether you need surgical or laser treatment.
For less severe conditions other options such as compression stockings, home remedies or alternative medications may work.