They are known by different names such as warts under the finger nails, toenails, thumbnails etc. They are also called periungual or subungual warts. They are rough and raised and resemble cauliflower in shapes.
According to the NHS UK, periungual warts grow under or around the finger nails and toe nails. They usually have a rough shape and can affect the shape of the nails. If they grow under the nails or just on the area between toes finger’s nails, they may be quite painful.
Although periungual warts are benign for the most part and do not pose any serious threats, yet it is very important to treat them as they may spread to other parts of the body.
The worst thing about warts under fingernails or toenails is that there is no easy treatment. Some surgeons advise to remove the nails and then treat the warts and stitch the nails back. This is, however, a painful procedure. Also, there is no guarantee that the warts will not come back.
Creams are also not very effective as they cannot easily reach the warts under the nails. For any treatment to be effective, it must get to the affected area. Some people have tried apple cider vinegar drops with some success. As apple cider vinegar is liquid, it can reach under the nails to help remove periungual warts. One may also dip fingers or toes in apple cider vinegar for a few minutes. This will soak the affected area and help the affected area to get rid of the problem.
If the warts are near the tip of the nail, it is best to cut the nails short so that they can be easily reached. Be careful, not to cut the nails too short. Cutting nails too short will make the fingers or toes tips very sore, painful and even infected.
The National Institute of Health and the U.S National Library of Medicine advise not to self-treat warts by cutting, freezing, tearing or picking. They, however, advise that over the counter medication be used for certain type of warts.
Nip the Evil in the Bud
The subungual warts start very small like pinheads. However, with the passage of time, these grow in to pea size and even beyond. They can penetrate under the nails and deform them. In severe cases they may even damage the nails permanently. it is, therefore, very important to treat them at their first appearance.
How to Remove Periungual / Subungual warts
There are a few options to treat warts under or around finger or toe nails. The problem is that it is not easy to get the medication to them because of the nails over them. Here a few possible options.
1. Straight to the Doctor
Never try to cut these types of warts yourselves. This is not only painful but also risky. If you opt to get the services of a surgeon, they may operate the area under local anesthetic. The downside of this method is that once the effect of the anesthetic is gone, it is very painful. You may have to take high doses of pain killers to ease the pain. Another problem is that it takes a long time for the wounds to heal as a result of removing the nails and stitching them back. Additionally, the operated area may get infected and you may be prescribed antibiotic. The worst thing is they may reappear after some time!
2. Home Remedies
As mentioned earlier, it is not advised to treat them yourself using remedies like cutting, tearing, scraping etc. Other general remedies like dipping them in apple cider vinegar etc may help eliminate the warts.
3. Over the Counter Creams and Solutions
It is the easiest, cheapest and (may be) the safest possible way for the removal of subungual and periungual warts. Any type of over the counter cream or solution will not work. You must make sure to use only the one which is safe consisting herbal and natural ingredients.
Good products consist of natural and herbal ingredients with no side effects. Such products are also covered by money back guarantees in case they do not work.
It is always prudent to use products which do not consist of any harmful chemicals and come with money back guarantees. In case they do not work, you do not get any side effects and get your money back, too.
Prevention is Better Than Cure
As we know that these warts are the most challenging type simply because it is very difficult to get at them. So best thing is to take measures to prevent them from growing under the finger nails.
1. Wash your hands regularly to keep them clean.
2. Wear protective gloves if working with people infected with contagious diseases.
3. Wash your hands with anti-bacterial soap or solution if you suspect any contact with an HPV carrier.
4. Do not use contaminated hand wear.
5. Maintain good hygiene at all times.
6. Take care of your health to boost your immunity. A strong immunity system fights infections effectively.